Our English Spanish translation service comprises a wide variety of English into Spanish translations. Our Spanish linguists also write de novo Spanish articles based on English or Spanish texts. English Spanish translators in our group also write Spanish medical news for the general public about important new medical findings.
English or Spanish Science Language Articles.
Improving identification of Hispanic males in Medicare: use of surname matching. OBJECTIVES: Medicare administrative and claims files maintained by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) are frequently used to examine racial and ethnic disparities in healthcare use. However, identification of Hispanic ethnicity for beneficiaries in the Medicare claims files is problematic, greatly limiting the use of these administrative data for examining race/ethnicity differences. This article reports on 2 studies assessing the effectiveness of a Hispanic surname match for improving the accuracy of race/ethnicity codes for elderly males in the Medicare data sets. METHODS: Study 1 used survey data to compare a Medicare race code + Spanish surname composite indicator to self-identification as Hispanic. Study 2 used Medicare administrative files and U.S. Census 2000 data to identify how well the Medicare race code alone and the Medicare race code + Spanish surname composite indicator compared with estimates obtained from census data for 16 U.S. counties dispersed across 5 states. RESULTS: Using self-identification as the gold standard, including the Spanish surname match increased accuracy for Hispanics and whites compared with the Medicare race code alone. The Spanish surname match also dramatically improved the Medicare code's estimation of elderly Hispanic and white males compared with county-level census data. CONCLUSIONS: Augmenting the Medicare race code with a match to Spanish surnames yields substantial improvement in the identification of elderly Hispanic and white non-Hispanic male Medicare beneficiaries. Using surname information to supplement the Medicare race code could greatly enhance researchers' ability to examine healthcare equity. mc
Naming pseudowords in Spanish: effects of syllable frequency. Three naming experiments were conducted to examine the role of the first and the second syllable during speech production in Spanish. Facilitative effects of syllable frequency with disyllabic words have been reported in Dutch and Spanish (Levelt & Wheeldon, 1994; Perea & Carreiras, 1998). In both cases, the syllable frequency effect was independent of-and additive to-the effect of word frequency. However, Levelt and Wheeldon (1994) found that words ending in a high-frequency syllable were named faster than words ending in a low-frequency syllable, whereas Perea and Carreiras (1998) found a facilitative effect of syllable frequency for the initial syllable. In Experiments 1-2, we manipulated the frequency of the first and the second syllable of disyllabic CV.CV pseudowords. In Experiment 3, participants named CVC disyllabic pseudowords for which only the frequency of the first syllable was manipulated. The experiments showed a facilitative effect of frequency of the first syllable. The findings are discussed in terms of the current models of speech production.