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English or Spanish Science Language Articles.
Stem allomorphy in the Spanish mental lexicon: evidence from behavioral and ERP experiments. This study presents results from a nonce-word elicited production task and a reading experiment using event-related brain potentials (ERPs) investigating finite forms of Spanish verbs which consist of marked stems and regular person and number agreement suffixes. The first experiment showed that unmarked stems are productively extended to nonce words, whereas marked stems generalize more restrictively to nonce words, based on lexical similarity to existing stem forms. The second experiment yielded a lexical ERP signature for stem violations and an ERP pattern signaling morpho-syntactic (rule-based) processing for suffix violations. We argue that stem allomorphy is lexically represented in the Spanish mental lexicon, with marked stems forming subnodes of structured lexical entries. BL
Hablamos Español: crossing communication barriers with the Latino population. This article outlines the retrospective study of a pilot project to teach Spanish phrases related to health care to students of an associate degree nursing program. This project was initiated in response to the documented increase in the Latino population in upstate South Carolina. In the decade from 1990 to 2000, four counties in this region documented increases in the Latino population at greater than 60%. The nursing faculty began teaching simple Spanish phrases prior to each lecture and provided opportunities for students to earn extra credit points on unit examinations for correct translations. The planning and implementation process is described, and descriptive statistics are documented to provide a basic evaluation of success rates for the participating students. The focus of this project was to facilitate communication with Latino clients by teaching students common phrases and simple questions in the Spanish language. JNE